Glossaire de l'équipement tactique : Votre guide essentiel

If you’re keen on hiking, preparedness, or involved in law enforcement, you’ve likely come across the term ‘tactical gear.’ But are you familiar with all the related terminology, such as EMS, EMT, and First Responders?

This glossary will break down the jargon associated with tactical gear and explain the purpose and usage of each term. Designed to be comprehensive yet understandable, it serves as a guide for everyone from enthusiasts to professionals.

Let’s get started!

A

ALICE (All-Purpose Lightweight Individual Carrying Equipment) is a military gear system introduced by the U.S. in the 1970s. It includes durable packs, belts, and pouches that are modular for customizable configurations. Despite newer systems being adopted, ALICE remains in use for training purposes and by some military units due to its robustness and practicality.

B

Body Armor: also known as a bulletproof vest, is protective equipment designed to absorb and dissipate the impact of projectiles. It provides vital protection for vital organs and is available in various levels of ballistic resistance.

Battle Belt: A belt designed to distribute weight evenly and allow for the attachment of holsters, pouches, and other gear.

Ballistic Helmet: A type of helmet designed to protect the wearer from ballistic threats like bullets and shrapnel.

C

Chest Rig: A vest or harness with attached pouches, used to carry magazines and other essentials on the chest for easy access.

Camouflage: Camouflage involves using patterns and colors on clothing and gear to blend with the environment, making it harder for others to detect the wearer.

Mousqueton: A metal loop with a spring-loaded gate used to quickly and reversibly connect components, crucial in ropework and climbing.

CQB (Close Quarters Battle): Tactical concepts and equipment designed for fighting in close-range scenarios, such as urban and indoor environments.

Combat Shirt: A shirt designed for use under body armor, providing comfort and breathability while offering pockets and camouflage on the sleeves.

Cargo Pockets: large, expandable pockets commonly found on tactical pants and shorts. They provide ample storage space for small tools, accessories, or personal items.

D

Duty Belt: A duty belt carries essential gear for law enforcement, from firearms to handcuffs and radios, a daily operational necessity for officers.

Dump Pouch: A collapsible pouch used for storing empty magazines or other gear.

E

EDC: Short for Everyday Carry, refers to the essential items that individuals carry with them daily. In the context of tactical gear, EDC items often include multi-tools, flashlights, folding knives, and other practical tools for emergencies.

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) provide urgent medical care and transportation to those in need. Accessible through emergency numbers such as 911, EMS teams, including paramedics and emergency medical technicians, respond to a wide range of emergencies and provide on-site treatment and stabilization.

Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) are vital healthcare workers who are trained to respond to emergencies. They are key members of Emergency Medical Services (EMS), providing first-line medical care and support. EMTs are equipped to handle a variety of emergencies, from trauma to cardiac issues, by administering basic life support procedures such as CPR and oxygen therapy.

F

Firestarter: A firestarter is a tool or device used to ignite fires in outdoor environments. Common examples include ferrocerium rods, waterproof matches, and fire-starting kits.

Flashbang Grenade: A flashbang grenade, also known as a stun grenade, is a non-lethal explosive device used to temporarily disorient and distract individuals during tactical operations. It emits a bright flash of light and loud noise upon detonation.

First responders are highly trained professionals who are the first to arrive at the scene of an emergency. This group includes police officers, firefighters, and emergency medical personnel such as EMTs and paramedics.

G

Gas Mask: A gas mask is a respiratory protective device designed to filter and purify air, protecting the wearer from harmful gases, chemicals, and airborne particles. It is commonly used by law enforcement and military personnel during riot control or in hazardous environments.

H

Holster: A device used for holding or carrying a gun, typically attached to a belt or under clothing.

Hydration Pack: A water reservoir carried on the back with a drinking tube for hands-free hydration, ideal for long excursions or operations.

I

IFAK: IFAK stands for Individual First Aid Kit. It is a compact medical kit that contains essential supplies for providing immediate medical aid in the field. IFAKs are commonly used by military personnel, law enforcement officers, and outdoor enthusiasts.

Loadout: A loadout refers to the specific set of gear, equipment, and clothing an individual carries into a mission, operation, or activity.

IOTV stands for Improved Outer Tactical Vest and is body armor used by the U.S. Army. It protects soldiers from things like shrapnel and bullets, while also being more comfortable and easy to move in than older versions.

K

Knee Pads: Knee pads are protective gear that provides cushioning and impact resistance for the knees during activities that involve kneeling or crawling. They are commonly used by military personnel, law enforcement officers, and airsoft enthusiasts.

L

LBE (Load Bearing Equipment): LBE distributes the weight of gear across the body, reducing fatigue and enhancing mobility, a foundation for carrying tactical equipment effectively.

M

MOLLE (Modular Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment): A system used for attaching gear to vests, backpacks, and other equipment. It consists of rows of webbing and loops, allowing for the customization and rearrangement of pouches and accessories.

Magazine Pouch/Coupler: Accessories that allow for the rapid exchange of magazines during reloading or facilitate carrying extra ammunition.

Multi-tool: A multi-tool is a versatile tool that combines multiple functions in one compact package. It often includes features such as pliers, screwdrivers, knives, and bottle openers.

N

Night Vision Goggles (NVG): NVGs are high-tech devices that allow for visibility in the darkest conditions by amplifying available light. These goggles are crucial for operations that require movement or navigation at night.

P

PALS (Pouch Attachment Ladder System): PALS is a series of webbing loops that enable the secure attachment of MOLLE-compatible accessories. This system ensures that gear stays in place, regardless of the movement or action the wearer is involved in.

Porte-plaque: Designed for frontline defense, a plate carrier is a critical type of vest that holds ballistic plates. These plates provide vital protection against bullets and shrapnel, making them a key item for personal safety in high-threat environments.

Paracorde: Short for parachute cord, is a lightweight nylon rope that is known for its strength and versatility. It is often used in survival bracelets, lanyards, and other gear for various purposes such as setting up shelters or creating makeshift equipment.

Q

Quick-Release System: Mechanisms on gear that allow for rapid doffing or release, often used in vests and belts for emergencies.

Quick-drying: Quick-drying fabrics are designed to dry rapidly after being exposed to moisture. This feature is particularly useful in outdoor environments where wet clothing can lead to discomfort or even hypothermia.

R

Radio Pouch: A specialized pouch for carrying radios securely, maintaining communication lines open and accessible during operations.

Ripstop: Ripstop is a fabric that is woven with a special technique to prevent tears and rips from spreading. It is commonly used in tactical pants, jackets, and bags to enhance durability.

S

Sling: A strap or harness designed to allow a user to carry a firearm hands-free and assist in stabilizing it during shooting. It wraps around the body and attaches to the firearm, balancing convenience and precision.

Suppressor: A suppressor, often referred to as a silencer, is a device attached to the muzzle of a firearm to reduce the noise and muzzle flash produced during firing. It is commonly used by military and law enforcement personnel to minimize noise signatures.

T

Tactical Vest: An essential piece of gear that offers both organization and quick access to equipment. With its multiple pockets and attachment points, it’s perfect for carrying magazines, radios, and medical kits, ensuring everything you need is within reach.

Tactical Boots: Tactical boots are durable footwear designed specifically for rugged terrains. They often feature reinforced toe caps, slip-resistant outsoles, and ankle support for optimal performance and protection.

Tactical Gloves: Tactical gloves provide protection and grip for hands during various activities. They are often made of durable materials such as leather or synthetic fabrics with reinforced knuckles.

Tactical Socks: Socks designed with specific features like moisture-wicking, padding, and durability for long operations and rucking.

Tactical Flashlight: More than just a light source, a tactical flashlight is built to endure rugged use and can also serve as a non-lethal deterrent. Its high-intensity beam is crucial for visibility and signaling.

Tactical Pen: More than a writing instrument, a tactical pen is designed for self-defense and can serve as a multi-tool in emergencies.

Tactical Knife: A tactical knife is designed for utility and self-defense, making it a versatile tool for various tasks and situations.

Tactical Scabbard: A sheath designed for carrying and quickly deploying larger tactical items like shotguns, rifles, or breaching tools.

Tourniquet: A tourniquet is a life-saving device used to stop severe bleeding by applying pressure to a limb. It’s a must-have for immediate response to traumatic injuries.

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